Architects talk about the BIM: 2018, a key year (part II)
BIM is required when drawing becomes a group tool with large teams in various countries. It has become widespread in foreign companies with rigorous quality standards.
This year promises to be crucial for BIM in Spain. Sergio Marín, a public servant architect for the European Commission, reminds us that the Ministry of Public Work’s BIM Committee proposes that preference be given to those using BIM in public procurement as of March 2018, making it mandatory input for building as of December 2018 and for infrastructure as of July 2019.
In his opinion, and in any of our own, “that is just around the corner, taking into account learning time”.
BIM in construction companies. Is there any such thing as actual BIM Management?
Considering its quick handling and the scant priority that Spanish companies attach to in-house training, it is hard to say for certain that CAD will become obsolete in the construction industry in little more than a year’s time. Indeed, according to Antonio Sánchez from Godwin Austen Johnson-Dubai-UAE, major Spanish construction companies continue to export the CAD model and this does not avoid mistakes in building.
BIM is a comprehensive process, which is why a distinction must be made between BIM Modellers managing BIM software, and BIM Managers coordinating complementary programmes and processes. This provides enhanced control “over the entire lifespan of the real property asset when you have prepared for it from the outset”, according to Fernández Fenollera, Architecture Director at TYPSA.
Javier Casado Ortiz (Office BIM Manager at AECOM) believes that a BIM Manager’s first job should be to evaluate and see whether or not there are actually benefits for clients because “working wth highly advanced BIM is neither easy nor inexpensive and we should not unnecessarily penalise our costs.” In his opinion, programming the available tools to address specific needs will make the difference.
BIM in Public Bodies
It seems unlikely for this methodology to be implanted by 2018. To assess this, we also consulted architects working for the public administration.
According to Almudena Díaz, municipal architect at Disciplina Urbanística, “local governments’ functioning is complex and it is not always easy to implant the best available or the most innovative technology”. Implanting BIM was not to affect their department because public procurement tenders have fixed prices and do not require budgetary monitoring. In order to perform their functions “user level proficiency for drawing programmes and SIG methodology for consulting and files is sufficient”.
Juan Manuel Fernández Alonso, Technical Advisor for the Office of Urban Studies and Evaluation under the Urban Planning and Management DG in the Madrid City Council also asserts that “in drafting and monitoring urban planning initiatives, BIM need not be implanted, with the exception of urban planning projects”. He also manifests the need for those architects drafting urban planning to use GIS, because “they are a very significant channel for transparently conveying information and sharing elements for diagnosis”.
BIM and… VIZ?
Many architects are concerned about displaying architecture with BIM software as compared to other programmes like 3DS Max. According to Alfonso de las Peñas, Operations Director for Tetris Arquitectura, it preents a “a highly realistic, enticing representation both for developers and contractors”. Here is just a sample.
Creative Director at Morph Estudio, Cesar Frías Enciso adds “technology has always been the forerunner of change. Tools like Enscape and Lumion facilitate continuous design displays in combination with Archicad, Revit and parametric software such as Dynamo. This enables us to be bolder than ever in terms of form without loosing control over the geometry of the spaces generated.”
In any event, BIM’s ultimate objective is not to provide a photo-realistic representation, but rather “recover the part of building that had been blurred because idealised representation had been imposed driven by oftentimes unrealisable progress in rendering,” says Sergio Marín, our “expatriate brain”.
May it be so.